Agriculture continues to be a significant sector of the Polish economy. With a share of 11.6% in the total number of employees, it contributes ca. 3% to Polands GDP. In terms of the contribution to GDP, agriculture is the fourth biggest sector in the country and it is significantly higher compared with the Communitys average level. It places Poland as the sixth food producer in the EU.
Poland ranks first in the production of fruit such as apples, raspberries, cherries and blackcurrant. Poland also has extensive potatoes (1st place) and sugar beet (3rd place) production in the EU. As for cereals, Polish farmers are leading producers of rye and wheat. Poland is also a very important exporter of milk and meat, especially in the poultry segment, which is the biggest and most cost-effective in the EU.
Compared with the EU average, Polish agriculture is highly fragmented with 73% of small, traditional farms covering over 30% of land. The increasing average size of farms and the introduction of innovative technologies are seen as primary measures designed to boost productivity. The implementation of those measures will be partially driven by EUs financial support.
Poland, as the largest beneficiary of EU subsidies in the 2014-2020 financial frameworks, is planned to receive EUR 32B under the Common Agricultural Policy. The optimistic outlook is also supported by farmers as 40% of them view state-of-the-art agricultural machinery as a key success factor for the upturn.